Maria Montessori, born in 1870, was the first female physician in Italy. Graduated from the University of Rome’s Medical School in 1896, by the age of 36, she was an educator, lecturer, writer, and doctor in psychology, philosophy, medicine, and anthropology.
Dr. Montessori developed a revolutionary method of education based on scientific research on children’s learning processes. Her research says children teach themselves.
She observed thoroughly how children develop physically, spiritually, socially, and intellectually. By studying children worldwide, she discovered all the developmental patterns in children regardless of their location, culture, era, and background.
The Initial Research
Dr. Maria conducted her initial research on mentally challenged children, where she created many theories through her observation. She tested all her studies later when she started her school for underprivileged children in the San Lorenzo district, Rome.
With exclusive child-friendly furniture and specially developed materials, she studied and kept modifying her curriculum based on her first student group of 60 deprived children below the age of 6.
The Final Result
Within six months,
- The students exhibited self-discipline.
- They preferred materials to toys for learning
- They worked with great focus and joy.
- They had a love for sequence.
- They started respecting their surroundings.
- They enjoyed working in silence along with their friends.
- They started working on their own with or without their teacher’s presence.
Therefore, Dr. Montessori developed a learning environment where children could choose freely from a wide range of self-correcting and developmentally suitable lessons. Gradually Maria Montessori’s work became popular and is practiced globally today.
Some Great Quotes by Dr. Maria
“Do not tell them how to do it. Show them how to do it and do not say a word. If you tell them, they will watch your lips move. If you show them, they will want to do it themselves.”
A Child Can Teach Himself
“The child has a mind able to absorb knowledge. He has the power to teach himself.”
“Children are human beings to whom respect is due, superior to us by reason of their innocence and of the greater possibilities of their future.”
Prepare Them for Life
“The education of even a small child… does not aim at preparing him for school, but for life.”